HAVANA, Cuba, June 23, 2015 (AMG) — The Cuban government has negotiated an agreement with the Paris Club, an unofficial consortium representing a collection of relatively rich creditor nations, regarding a significant portion of Cuba’s foreign debt. The nations of the Paris Club include Australia, Britain, Canada,  France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, and Spain, among others.

Specifically, Havana consented to pay Paris Club lenders $15 billion to cover longstanding obligations originating from a largely unaddressed Cuban financial default in 1986. The figure encompasses the principal amount due, as well as subsequently accumulated service charges, interest, and penalties.

“The final amount of $15 billion has been approved by both parties, so that is a big first step and now the creditors will meet to set policy for formal talks”, an anonymous diplomat involved with the negotiations told the press.

With the $15 billion bill established, Cuba and the Paris Club can now move on to the next phase of negotiations: restructuring the country’s payment plan. Sources with intimate knowledge of talks were confident that the lender nations, eager to settle Cuba’s external debt situation and clear the way for foreign investment in the Caribbean nation, would be open-minded and would agree to accommodating payment terms with Havana.

“Everyone wants to put this behind them now and move forward, and frankly, after 30 years I think the banks will be happy just to get something back”, another diplomatic insider explained.

While the Cuban government remains unwilling to publicly comment on its debt negotiations, it nonetheless appears genuinely concerned with covering Cuba’s foreign obligations and becoming an active participant in the global economy. Current Cuban President Raul Castro, a veteran of the 1959 Revolution, and the brother of Cuba’s former leader Fidel Castro, has repeatedly voiced his intention to get Cuba’s fiscal house in order and pay down Cuba’s debt since assuming power in 2008.

In an effort to reform Cuba’s finances, and thus please the country’s international creditors and attract new foreign investment, Castro has reduced his government’s expenditures by cutting state payrolls and subsidies. His related effort to limit the amount of imports arriving in Cuba has substantially improving the island’s previously imbalanced trade situation.

Thanks in large measure to Raul Castro’s policies, Havana has been able to reach amenable debt payment terms with several of its foreign creditors –including Japan, Russia, Mexico, and China– in the past four years. In many instances, creditors forgave anywhere between 70 to 90 percent of what Cuba owed to them. There is reason to believe that Cuba will be able to secure a similarly favourable payment plan with the Paris Club in the near future.

As Cuba gains access to much needed new sources of financing and investment abroad in the coming years, owing to its rapidly improving relations with its formerly hostile neighbor the United States, the Cuban government will come under increasing pressure to substantively address all of its debt obligations, currently estimated by the Economist Intelligence Unit to be around $26 billion. Nonetheless, recent actions by the Castro regime display a definite willingness to do so.

Image Credit: Andrew Wragg

Cuba reaches $15bn debt agreement with Paris Club

Jake Bolton

Jake is a graduate of Drew University with a B.A. in Political Science. He focuses on U.S. foreign policy and labour issues, and resides in Egg Harbor, New Jersey.

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